The President of the Repoblic of Uzbekistan

Biography
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 Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Shavkat Mirziyoyev was born on July 24, 1957 in Zaamin District of Jizzakh Region to a family of doctors. He is an Uzbek by nationality, with higher education. In 1981 he graduated from the Tashkent Institute of Engineers of Irrigation and Mechanization of Agriculture and earned a degree in mechanical engineering. He holds a Ph.D. in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev started his career in 1981 at the Tashkent Institute of Engineers of Irrigation and Mechanization of Agriculture, where he served as a junior research fellow, senior lecturer, associate professor, and the vice rector for academic affairs.

In 1990 he was elected deputy of the Supreme Council of the republic. He served as Chairman of the Credentials Committee.

In 1992 Shavkat Mirziyoyev was appointed khokim (governor) of Mirzo Ulugbek District of the city of Tashkent. In 1996-2001 he served as khokim of Jizzakh Region, in 2001-2003 – khokim of Samarkand Region, and made a great contribution to the socio-economic development of the aforementioned district and the regions.

While working in the executive branch and at the same time as deputy of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1995-2003, he has actively and fruitfully participated in the elaboration and adoption of important legislative acts on political and socio-economic development of the country and implementation of democratic reforms.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev was approved as the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2003, and three times (in 2005, 2010 and 2015) was approved again in his post by both Chambers of the Oliy Majlis.

From the early years of our Motherland’s Independence Shavkat Mirziyoyev earned a high trust of the first President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, by selflessly working as his colleague and close associate.

As head of the Government, he has shown tremendous abilities and outstanding leadership in implementation of wide-ranging socio-economic reforms, modernization and improvement of the country, realization of major and unique projects, development and protection of private property, radical increase in the share of small business and private enterprise in the economy and consolidation of their legal security.

In his activities Shavkat Mirziyoyev attached a special significance to economic development on the industrial basis, improvement of the country’s exporting potential, cardinal transformation of the agricultural sector, especially the extensive advancement of farming enterprise, profound processing of agricultural products, provision for food security of the nation and the guaranteed supply of goods to the population at reasonable prices.

In order to drastically uplift the living and working conditions of people, Shavkat Mirziyoyev took effective measures for large-scale construction and improvement works in all regions of the country, to improve the quality of public services, integrated development of cities and districts, including the remote rural areas.

In his activities, along with socio-economic dimension, a significant emphasis is placed – as a priority focus – on the progress of education, science and healthcare in accordance with modern requirements, creation of conditions necessary for the formation of healthy and comprehensively advanced younger generation, protection of motherhood and childhood.

He has paid much attention to further enhancement of the credibility of the unique institution of self-government – makhalla, other social organizations, consistent consolidation of their role in the community through broad involvement in the process of democratic reforms, as well as the preservation and enrichment of national spiritual values.

Along with this, in addressing the economic and social issues Shavkat Mirziyoyev directly supervised the efforts to build up comprehensive mutually beneficial cooperation with other countries, international organizations and financial institutions, as well as important agreements that serve the national interests and economic development of the country.

On September 8, 2016, on the basis of a joint resolution of the Legislative Chamber (Lower House) and Senate of the Oliy Majlis (parliament) of Uzbekistan adopted at the joint session, Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev was temporarily assigned the duties and powers of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

On October 19, 2016 the Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businessmen — Liberal- Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (UzLiDeP) during its Eighths Convention in Tashkent nominated the member of Political Council of the Party Shavkat Mirziyoyev as its candidate for the presidential elections.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev was elected President of the Republic of Uzbekistan with 88,61 percent of the vote based on the results of the presidential elections that took place on December 4, 2016. Shavkat Mirziyoyev officially assumed the post of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 14, 2016.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev is married; with two daughters, one son and five grandchildren. His spouse, Z.M. Mirziyoyeva, has a qualification of an engineer-economist. At present, she is a housewife.

In recognition of many years of productive work in the Government and management, enormous contribution to the development of the country, improvement of the people’s welfare, Shavkat Mirziyoyev was awarded the Order “Mekhnat Shukhrati” (‘Glory of Labor’) and “Fidokorona Khizmatlari Uchun” (‘For a Selfless Service’).

Status of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan is determined by chapter XIX of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan:

  • is the Head of the State and ensures concerted functioning and interaction among bodies of state authority;
  • guarantees observance of rights and freedoms of citizens, the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • takes necessary measures on the protection of sovereignty, security and territorial integrity of the Republic of Uzbekistan, implementation of decisions regarding its national-state structure;
  • represents the Republic of Uzbekistan within the country and in international relations;
  • conducts negotiations and signs treaties and agreements of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ensures the observance of the negotiated by the Republic of treaties, agreements and assumed by it obligations;
  • receives letters of credence and recall from diplomatic and other representatives accredited to him;
  • presents to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan nominees for appointment of diplomatic and other representatives of the Republic of Uzbekistan to foreign states;
  • has the right to appeal to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the most important issues of implementing the domestic and foreign policy of the country;
  • ensures interaction of the supreme bodies of authority and administration of the Republic; forms and abolishes, upon the nomination of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan ministries, state committees and other bodies of state administration with subsequent submission of decrees on these matters for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • represents to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan a nominee for the post of the Chairman of the Senate;
  • represents for consideration and approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan a nominee of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan and relieves him of his post in case of resignation, passing the vote of no-confidence in Prime Minister adopted by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of Republic of Uzbekistan or in other cases stipulated by law;
  • approves, upon the nomination of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, members of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan and relieves them of their posts;
  • appoints and relieves the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Chairman of the Accounting Chamber of their posts with their subsequent approval by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • represents to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan nominees for the composition of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as for the post of the Chairman of the Supreme judicial council of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Chairman of the Board of the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • appoints and relieves, upon the nomination of the Supreme judicial council of the Republic of Uzbekistan, from the posts of chairmen and deputy chairmen of the regional courts and the city of Tashkent, the Chairman of the Military Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan; approves in accordance with the law the members of the Supreme judicial council of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • appoints and relieves, upon the nomination of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, khokims of regions and the city of Tashkent of their posts according to law. The President has the right to relieve by his decision, khokims of districts and cities of their posts, should they violate the Constitution, laws or perform acts discrediting the honour and dignity of a khokim;
  • suspends, repeals acts of the bodies of state administration of the republic and khokims in case of non-compliance with the norms of legislation; has the right to preside at the meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • signs and promulgates laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan; has the right to return law, with his objections, to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the second discussion and vote;
  • announces condition of war in case of attack on the Republic of Uzbekistan or in case of necessity of the implementation of contractual obligations on mutual defense from aggression and within seventy two hours submits the adopted decision for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • in exceptional cases (real outside threat, mass disturbances, major catastrophes, natural calamities, epidemics) in the interests of ensuring citizens’ security introduces the state of emergency on the entire territory or in the particular localities of the Republic of Uzbekistan and within seventy two hours submits the adopted decision for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Conditions and the procedure for introducing the state of emergency shall be regulated by law;
  • serves as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan, appoints and relieves the supreme command of the Armed Forces of the post and confer the highest military ranks;
  • awards orders, medals and certificates of honour of the Republic of Uzbekistan, confers qualification and honorary titles of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • rules on matters of citizenship of the Republic of Uzbekistan and granting political asylum;
  • puts to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan submission on adoption of acts of amnesty and effectuate pardoning of persons condemned by courts of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • appoints and relieves the chairman of the National Security Service of his post with subsequent submission of decrees on these matters for approval by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • exercises other powers stipulated by the present Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Legislative Chamber, the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan maybe dissolved, by the decision of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted as agreed with the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in case of insuperable disagreements within the Legislative Chamber or the Senate putting under threat their normal functioning or numerous adoption by them decisions contradicting the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as insuperable disagreements between the Legislative Chamber and the Senate putting under threat the normal functioning of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.